ANXIETY

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) defines anxiety disorders as involving more than temporary worry or fear. Anxiety is a normal and often healthy emotion. However, when a person regularly feels disproportionate levels of anxiety, it might become a medical disorder. Anxiety disorders form a category of mental health diagnoses that lead to excessive nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worry.

 

These disorders alter how a person processes emotions and behave, also causing physical symptoms. Mild anxiety might be vague and unsettling, while severe anxiety may seriously affect day-to-day living. Fear, stress, and anxiety are "normal feelings and experiences" but they are completely different from suffering from any of the diagnosable disorders.

ANXIETY SYMPTOMS

To diagnose anxiety, a complete physical examination is essential. This helps your doctor discover or rule out other illnesses that may be causing your symptoms or that may be masked by the symptoms. A complete personal history is also necessary for your doctor to make an accurate diagnosis.

 

For a person with an anxiety disorder, the anxiety does not go away and can get worse over time. The symptoms can interfere with daily activities such as job performance, school work, and relationships.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Symptoms

  • Feeling restless, wound-up, or on-edge​

  • Having difficulty concentrating; mind going blank​

  • Difficulty falling or staying asleep

  • Restlessness or unsatisfying sleep

  • Being irritable​

  • Being easily fatigue​

  • Having muscle tension​​

  • Difficulty controlling feelings of worry​

Panic Disorder Symptoms

  • Feelings of impending doom​​

  • Heart palpitations, a pounding heartbeat, or an accelerated heart rate​

  • Sensations of shortness of breath, smothering or choking

  • ​Sweating

  • Trembling or shaking

  • Feelings of being out of control

Phobia-related disorders Symptoms

  • May have an irrational or excessive worry about encountering the feared object or situation​

  • ​Social anxiety disorder and general intense fear of, or anxiety toward, social or performance situations​

  • Specific phobia and intense fear of, or feel intense anxiety about, specific types of objects or situations​​

  • Separation anxiety disorders have fears about being parted from people to whom they are attached​

  • May have an irrational or excessive worry about encountering the feared object or situation​

  • ​Social anxiety disorder and general intense fear of, or anxiety toward, social or performance situations​

  • Specific phobia and intense fear of, or feel intense anxiety about, specific types of objects or situations​​

  • Separation anxiety disorders have fears about being parted from people to whom they are attached​